Varicose Veins Causes, Symptoms, and Diagnosis

Do you have Varicose Veins?

Did anyone caution you, you should not sit with your legs crossed? That’s because, you might get Varicose Veins! Any vein especially in legs and feet can become varicose. With time they become painful. Did u know this minor ailment can cause serious problems to your health? Read on for more insights…


What are Varicose Veins?

Varicose veins occur when your veins become over-filled with blood. Varicose veins are often painful and unsightly, with a bluish-purple or red coloration. Varicose veins occur in men and women of any age. You are at more risk if you are older, a female, obese, don’t exercise or have a family history. They are also common during pregnancy.



A vein is an elastic blood vessel that transports blood from various regions of the body to the heart.

There are two main systems of veins in our body:

  • Deep Veins: The leg muscles squeeze the deep veins during walking, carrying most of the blood up the legs to the heart.
  • Superficial Veins: These veins are close to the surface your body and form varicose veins.

What are the Causes of Varicose Veins?

Failure of the one-way valves allows blood to flow backwards down the veins and results in an overload of pressure when standing. This excess pressure leads to widening of the veins because of which the veins do not close properly. Blood then flows back into the leg along these veins and causes varicose veins.

Symptoms of Varicose Veins you might be Experiencing

Varicose veins appear in dark blue, swollen and twisted under skin. The symptoms include itching over the vein or burning sensation in the legs. The symptoms get serious too with leg swelling, skin discoloration, stretching and scaling of skin. You might also experience tingling and vibrating sensation in your legs.

Varicose veins are not a sign of caution, but in some cases varicose veins point out for a blockage in the deeper veins called deep vein thrombosis. If you have this problem, you should get treated for it.

Diagnosis of Varicose Veins

Your doctor will take a look at your limbs. Varicose veins are easy to see, especially when you stand up. Your doctor will check your legs for tender areas, swelling, sores, skin color changes and other signs of skin breakdown. You might need further tests if you plan to have treatment or if you show signs of a deep vein problem.

Your condition might also demand an ultrasound test to check if your veins are functioning normally. Although it’s not very common, your doctor might tell you to go for an Angiogram to get a more detailed look at the blood flow.

Prevention of Varicose Veins

Physical activities like exercising, lifting your legs while resting and not crossing them when sitting, helps keep varicose veins at bay! Likewise, wearing loose clothing and avoiding standing for long periods also help.

Procedures you might need to do if you undergo if you suffer from Varicose Veins

There are various procedures to treat varicose veins. One of the surgical procedures is Stripping wherein all or part of the Saphenous vein is removed. There are other surgical treatments that include are Endovenous Laser Treatment (EVLT), Ambulatory Phlebectomy, Vein Ligation etc.

EndoVenous Laser Treatment (EVLT) is meant to be the safest procedure that gives a success rate of 98.1%. It has minimal recovery time that means the patient is encouraged to walk and resume normal activities the same day.

Varicose veins can cause serious problems if left untreated. Take good care in your initial days because ignorance can be costly!

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