Peripheral Artery Disease of the Legs
Peripheral artery disease is also called as peripheral vascular disease. Peripheral vascular disease is a condition where the narrowed arteries decrease blood flow to the limbs.Peripheral artery disease mainly affects the legs as there is not sufficient supply of blood to the legs. Patient suffering from peripheral artery disease mostly experience leg pain. Peripheral vascular disease is an indication of accumulation of fatty deposits in the arteries. The deposition of fats in the arteries is a condition that is referred to as atherosclerosis.Ã‚Â Due to fat accumulation in the arteries the blood flow is reduced to heart, brain and legs. One frequent complaints in this diseases is claudication. Claudication is a condition where the patient experience cramping pain in legs which is induced by exercise. The pain is observed due to obstruction of arteries in the legs and is seen mostly in patients with peripheral artery disease.Claudication symptoms vary from mild to chronic pain. In severe conditions the patients finds difficulty in performing any physical activity.
Peripheral Vascular Disease SymptomsPatients suffering with peripheral vascular disease show visible symptoms like:
- Painful cramps
- Leg numbness
- Leg weakness
- Sores on toes and feet
- Hair loss or slower hair growth on your legs
- Appearance of shiny skin on legs
- Weak pulse in your legs
- Coldness in legs
Peripheral Vascular Disease CausesThere are different causes of peripheral vascular disease. The most common cause is arteriosclerosis. The other different causes include:
Inflammation of arteries
Peripheral Arterial Disease TreatmentPeripheral vascular disease is generally treated by using stents. Stent is a tiny metal tube that is inserted in the blood vessel to re-establish blood flow. Ã‚Â Vascular stenting is a minimal invasive treatment that does not require surgery and invasive therapies. Stenting is also referred to as first-line treatment for peripheral vascular diseases.
Advantages of Stenting are
- No surgery required. Hence less risk to patient and no scars.
- Higher success rate compared to surgery
- Day care procedure. Patient can be discharged the next day